Sexual health is an important aspect of life and has been overlooked by many. In fact, 15-20% of men say they have a sexual problem and 40% of men have erectile dysfunction. Most do not take medication because they’re afraid of the embarrassment it causes.
So many factors come into play when minding the sexual health and that isn’t something to be compromised with.
The first and foremost causes are physical causes and here as follows:
- Peripheral vascular disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Spinal injury/surgery
- Pelvic injury/disease/surgery
- Brain surgery
- Genital injury/disease/surgery
- Consumption of alcohol, illicit drugs, tobacco
These causes can be rectified and people recover from these ailments, but that process of recovering also takes out a significant chunk of the sexual health and it all starts with prescribed medicines!
More specifically, here are some drugs/types of drugs commonly associated with sexual dysfunction in men:
- Anticonvulsants and ‘mood stabilizers’.
- Antihyperlipidemic agents.
- H2 antagonists (cimetidine).
Some other kinds of medications prescribed are opiates, antiandrogens, disulfiram, digoxin, clofibrate, mirtazapine.
We mustn’t be surprised to know that as sexual activity has increased as an evolutionary trait, many of our day-to-day activities affect our sexual health.
All the above-mentioned stuff come under the category of comorbidity-a number of conditions arising at the same time.
It has been proven clinically that there is a link between physical health and sexual function and the disorders have been linked to sexual problems.
Most often the side effects of a treatment cause these problems, mostly by invasive procedures like surgeries.
And yes, even the procedure of vasectomy may lead to conditions like erectile dysfunction.
Psychological Factors Affecting Male Sexual Health:
Experts quote that conditions like depression, anxiety, schizophrenia directly affect the ability to being aroused. The decrease in desire severely affects the sexual health and this accounts for all psychiatric disorders. Although, assumptions that psychologically ill people do not have any sexual requirements is untrue. Likewise, conditions of Mania and Hypomania are often accompanied by hypersexuality, just the polar opposite to the above-mentioned conditions.
Effect of Recreational Drugs:
Tobacco has both immediate and long-term effects on erections. Although, impotence isn’t a persuasive reason for people to give up smoking.
Alcohol consumption is often considered in increasing sexuality but its undesirable effects in inhibiting arousal have been well documented. About 50-80% alcoholics experience erectile dysfunction.
Age As An Factor Affecting Male Sexual Health
Age can be considered as the only natural cause in this scenario except for inherited qualities that affect sexual health.
With the onset of age, the production of testosterone in men decreases and in fact, after the age of 30, the process decreases at about 2-4% every year. Other biological changes that happen are decreased response to stimuli and sexual arousal, penis sensitivity, increase in dysfunctions and premature ejaculations and decrease in the frequency of the activity.
Although there are factors other than the one mentioned above that leads to decrease in sexual activity in the elderly. This includes lack of a willing partner, privacy, opportunity, physical conditions like arthritis, osteoporosis, heart conditions and psychological ailments like depression or dementia.
As a whole, conditions like anxiety and depression can occur to anyone at any point in their time. The mood is the driving factor in any intercourse and it enables a healthy experience. Men with ED experience negativity and vice versa and this takes a toll on how they get aroused.
Another factor affecting sexual health is associated with the patterns of thinking-cognition. Thoughts shape the moods and this leads to the final battle of when will the arousal happen with regards to psychological stimuli. Psychologists believe that undesirable cognitions of an individual mostly arises from thoughts and experiences and it can be changed through therapy.
On a whole, every individual is bound to be in one situation or other, but there is always solutions for these problems and the individual must step up on his own to face and beat it.